An ophthalmologist is a medically trained doctor who has undertaken further specialist training and study in matters relating to the human eye and eyelid.

They are all professionally trained people who treat those with ophthalmic problems.

Ophthalmologists are medically trained doctors who have undertaken further specialist training in matters relating to the human eye. They examine, diagnose and treat diseases and injuries of the eye and the surrounding areas like the socket and eyelids. They can prescribe a range of medicines, perform eye surgery and usually work in the hospital eye service.

Orthoptists diagnose and treat defects of vision and abnormalities of eye movement, including vision problems in children. They are usually part of a hospital care team looking after people with eye problems, especially those related to binocular vision, amblyopia (lazy eye) and strabismus (squint). See The British and Irish Orthoptic Society website.

Optometrists examine eyes, give advice on visual problems and prescribe and fit glasses or contact lenses. They are usually employed in the high street but may also work with or in the hospital eye service. See The College of Optometrists website.

Yes. It is helpful to have a referral or an indication of the problem, so that relevant tests can be arranged for the same visit and in some cases eg eyelid lesions or laser treatments, these can be performed at the very first visit.

It is useful to bring a referral note from your GP or optician, a list of your medications, your reading and distance glasses, and a copy of your spectacle prescription with results of any relevant tests. If the main reason for your consultation is cosmetic, it may be useful to bring a photograph of yourself when you were most satisfied with your appearance.

You should allow 30 to 45 minutes for your first consultation, or longer if your pupils require dilation or you require additional tests. Mr Modi will discuss your eye problem in detail, and then examine your eyes including a vision check and in some cases your pupils will be dilated to allow Mr Modi to examine the back of your eyes.

If your pupils need to be dilated, you may not be able to drive for several hours. Dilation is required for assessment of cataract and the back of the eye. If unsure, please do speak to Mr Modi’s secretary to check whether your eyes will need dilating at your visit.